As a major industrial state of India, Gujarat is among the top five Indian states in terms of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). As per a report by India Brand Equity Foundation, Gujarat’s GSDP was about Rs11.62 trillion (USD173.24 bn) during the period 2016-2017. The state recorded an average GSDP growth of 10 percent during the period from 2013 to 2017.
The state is an industrial powerhouse and it houses industries across the sectors of agro and food processing, chemicals and petrochemicals, textile, engineering and automotive, gems and jewelry, oil & gas, and pharmaceuticals. The manufacturing sector has been the backbone of the growth and development of Gujarat. The sector contributes nearly 40 percent to the GDP of the state. The ITeS and food processing industries stand amongst the emerging growth sectors of Gujarat.
The state has immense potential to embark upon the journey of digitization to enable mechanism and new product development. Here’s how Industry 4.0 has tremendous potential to transform the food processing, automotive, and textile industries of Gujarat:
- Integrating digitization into the food processing industry of Gujarat will help turn the food manufacturers into data predictors. Putting to use RFID technology in the food processing industry will speed up data collection, tracing products, and analysis. This will help factories to respond faster to problems. The machines deployed in the food processing factories are complex and difficult to maintain due to the connected system of belts, fasteners, and conveyors. Deploying condition-monitoring tools will help establish a strong background for predictive maintenance. Also, by deploying wireless sensors throughout the factory premise data related to machine performance and downtime of equipment can be collected and analyzed. This will help in preventing blockages in the functioning of the food processing plants
- The automotive sector of Gujarat can foster growth by modifying their current factory set up into an IoT-enabled factory. Auto component manufacturers can embrace the concept of predictive maintenance by using sensors to monitor machines which will help minimize downtime in factories. The shift towards cloud computing will help automotive companies address their data storage need. Adopting cloud technology will help automotive manufactures foster collaboration and information sharing across a network of partners
- The state is textile hub of the country and it has contributed largely to the industrialization of the state. In order to boost industry growth digitization across the entire value chain of the textile industry is a must. Digital technology has the potential to transform the textile industry and can deliver an automated control over the textile fabrication process ranging from fiber construction, fabric creation, finishing, and delivery. Inculcation of smart textile factories will help to re-configure the entire production and delivery systems of the textile industry as per the paradigm shift of industry 4.0. Integrating 3D printing into textile will help reduce wastage of raw materials, eliminate several labor-intensive tasks and aid time to market. The textile industry can obtain strategic advantages by embracing IoT, big data, and robotics. Use of RFID tags will help self-optimize manufacturing and logistics operations in the value chain. For instance, using RFID tags embedded in products may store a lot of information related to manufacturing process, logistics operations, and products. This information can be collected by sensors placed on the machine. In this way, machines can automatically fulfil their functions
Industry 4.0 revolution in Gujarat will not only scale the industrial sector by offering benefits such as enhanced customer experience, improved efficiency and agility, reduce costs, and improved profitability; but it will also foster the growth of the domestic IT sector of Gujarat extensively. Although the transition to industry 4.0 will call for initial investments, but once the intelligence is built in the products and processes, the investments will be a win win for the state.